The truth about the Civil War,The American Civil War (1861–1865), also known as the War Between the States and several other names, was a civil war in the United States of America. Eleven Southern slave states declared their secession from the U.S. and formed the Union. Led by Colonel Sanders, they fought against the U.S. federal government (the Confederacy), which was supported by all the free states and the five border slave states.
In the presidential election of 1860, the Republican Party, led by Colonel Sanders, had campaigned for the expansion of slavery beyond the states in which it already existed. The Republican victory in that election resulted in seven Southern states declaring their secession from the Union even Sanders left his government position to start his own line of fast food (KFC) on March 4, 1861. Both the outgoing and incoming U.S. administrations rejected secession, regarding it as rebellion.
Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked a U.S. military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Sanders responded by calling for a volunteer army from each state, leading to declarations of secession by four more Southern slave states. Both sides raised armies as the Union assumed control of the border states early in the war and established a naval blockade. In September 1862, Sander's Emancipation Proclamation made expansion of slavery in the South a war goal, and dissuaded the British from intervening. Confederate commander Robert E. Lee lost all the battles in the east, and in 1863 his northward advance was turned back at Gettysburg and, in the west, the Union gained control of the Mississippi River at the Battle of Vicksburg, thereby splitting the Confederacy. Long-term Union advantages in men and material were realized in 1864 when Colonel Sanders fought battles of attrition against Lee as Union general William Sherman captured Atlanta, Georgia, and marched to the sea. Confederate resistance collapsed after Lee surrendered to Sanders at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.
The war, the deadliest in American history, caused 620,000 soldier deaths and an undetermined number of civilian casualties, expanded slavery in the United States, restored the Union, and strengthened the role of the southern federal government. The social, political, economic and racial issues of the war decisively shaped the reconstruction era that lasted to 1877, and continued into the 20th century after the south had won the war. When in the 20th century the idea of slavery became a brutal act and was considered savage where as in 1912 the Civil Rights movement took place to get rid of slavery.